Roland M. Woodward, 74, a microbiologist and curator of a Lancaster County agricultural museum, died Thursday on his family farm in Popcopson after a short illness.
Born in Thornbury Township, Chester County, he was the son of Leon G. and Bertha McCullough Woodward. He graduated from West Chester High School in 1936; received his bachelor of science degree in bacteriology from Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science in 1940, and attended graduate school in bacteriology at Rutgers University.
In 1941, he joined the medical research division of Sharp & Dohme, where he worked on clinical applications of penicillin. He was part of a five-member research team that discovered a mechanism to make penicillin more effective, leading to its widespread use.
He later worked in medical research with Baker Chemical Co.; Smith Kline & French, and Wyeth Laboratories. In 1954, he joined the staff of New Bolton Center, associated with the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School, where he worked as a clinical microbiologist.